© 2023 The Taiwan Center for Sign Linguistics, National Chung Cheng University. All Rights Reserved.
Taiwan Sign Language (TSL) is the language used by the Deaf in Taiwan and is genetically related to Japanese Sign Language (JSL), which was brought to Taiwan by deaf educators during Japanese occupation of Taiwan in 1895-1945. After 1949, Chinese Sign Language (CSL) was brought to Taiwan. Therefore, some signs from CSL may also have been integrated into TSL. Recently, there have been many new signs that have been created with the times.
The compilation of the Taiwan Sign Language Online Dictionary was under the supervision of Prof. Jane Tsay and Prof. James H.-Y. Tai. The sign language research team of the Linguistics Institute at the National Chung Cheng University started the construction of the TSL Online Dictionary in 2001 with the supports from National Science Council, Taiwan. In the dictionary, each lexical item is linked to the video of the TSL sign. The dictionary is bilingual in the sense that all lexical items (signs) and the description of the signs have both Chinese and English translations (see Tsay 2019 for more details).
Tsay, Jane. 2019. Taiwan Sign Language Online Dictionary: Construction and Expansion. In the Proceedings of the 2nd ILAS Annual Linguistics Forum－ National Language Corpora: Design and Construction, 85-110. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. (pdf)
The current edition of the TSL Online Dictionary (4th English edition released in 2022) contains about 3700 lexical items and 560 illustrating sentences for high frequency words. The lexical items also contain their dialectal and/or free variations. Information of synonym and polysemy of each lexical item is also provided. Phonological annotations of handshape and location of all lexical items has been added to this fourth edition of TSL Online Dictionary and thus extended the dictionary to a phonologically annotated corpus. The TSL Online Dictionary serves as a base for inquiries in both linguistic research and practical usage. For teachers in deaf education or the general public, this dictionary is a tool for teaching or learning TSL. For researchers who are interested in the linguistic structure of TSL, the dictionary provides data for analysis in phonology, morphology, semantics, and syntax. With its being bilingual, the dictionary also provides bases for cross sign language comparisons for international scholars.
Tsay, Jane, James H.-Y. Tai, Shih-kai Liu and Yijun Chen. 2022.Taiwan Sign Language Online Dictionary. 4th English Edition.
Chiayi: The Taiwan Center for Sign Linguistics, National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan.
Chun I Chen of Department of Information Management, National Chung Cheng University.
Please read the User's Guide before you use the dictionary. Your comments and suggestions will be highly appreciated. Please contact the webmaster at firstname.lastname@example.org
Grants from the National Science Council, Taiwan: A Study of Taiwan Sign Language: Phonology, Morphology, Syntax and Digital Graphic Dictionary (NSC90-2411-H-194-025, NSC91-2411-H-194-002, NSC92-2411-H-194-001, NSC93-2411-H-194-001). The Taiwan Center for Sign Linguistics is responsible for the maintenance and expansion of the dictionary.
Mr. Yushan Gu, a former chairman of the Taiwan Association for the Deaf Sign linguistic researchers: Gladys Tang, Jean Ann, Susan Fischer, Scott Liddell, Wayne Smith, and Qun-hu Gong.
Mr. Yushan Gu
Yuyi Chen, a Deaf graduate student of the Institute of Linguistics of National Chung Cheng University.
Mrs. Yue-xia Xiao
Research assistants over the years:
Shuping Gong, Hsin-Hsien Lee, Shiou-fen Su, Meylysa Tseng, Hui-juan Liu, Ya-Ching Tsou, Yan-An Lee, Pei-lan Wu, Yi-Hsien Lee, Yi-jun Chen, Ming-xiu Huang, Yi-ling Wu, Xin-hui Chen, Shi-kai Liu, Yu Hong, Chang-yu Wu, Xiu-qing Lin, Ya-jiun Tseng, Zhi-ren Zheng, Guan-nan Jiang, and Wan-yu Liu.
Handshapes are categorized by the number of fingers. Some handshapes have two or three variants shown as small picture.
The locations of most common used are as follows.
|Lower Face||In Front of Face||Head|
|In Front of Body||Back||Both Sides of Body|
|Lower Arm||Upper Arm||Arm||Elbow||Fingers|
|Palm||Blades of Hand||Back of Hand||Hand||Wrist|